"...the members of the armed forces have been
compelled to make greater economic sacrifice and every other kind of
sacrifice than the rest of us, and they are entitled to definite action to
help take care of their special problems."
Excerpt from Franklin Roosevelt's Fireside Chat on Progress of War and
Plans for Peace
July 28, 1943
many other things we are, today, laying plans for the return to civilian
life of our gallant men and women in the armed services. They must not be
demobilized into an environment of inflation and unemployment, to a place
on a bread line, or on a corner selling apples. We must, this time, have
plans ready -- instead of waiting to do a hasty, inefficient, and
ill-considered job at the last moment.
assured our men in the armed forces that the American people would not let
them down when the war is won.
that the Congress will help in carrying out this assurance, for obviously
the Executive Branch of the Government cannot do it alone. May the Congress
do its duty in this regard. The American people will insist on fulfilling
this American obligation to the men and women in the armed forces who are
winning this war for us.
course, the returning soldier and sailor and marine are a part of the
problem of demobilizing the rest of the millions of Americans who have been
(working and) living in a war economy since 1941. That larger objective of
reconverting wartime America to a peacetime basis is one for which your
government is laying plans to be submitted to the Congress for action.
members of the armed forces have been compelled to make greater economic
sacrifice and every other kind of sacrifice than the rest of us, and they
are entitled to definite action to help take care of their special
to which they are entitled, it seems to me, is something like this:
(1.) Mustering-out pay to every member of the armed forces and merchant
marine when he or she is honorably discharged, mustering-out pay large
enough in each case to cover a reasonable period of time between his
discharge and the finding of a new job.
(2.) In case no job is found after diligent search, then unemployment
insurance if the individual registers with the United States Employment
(3.) An opportunity for members of the armed services to get further
education or trade training at the cost of the government.
(4.) Allowance of credit to all members of the armed forces, under
unemployment compensation and Federal old-age and survivors' insurance, for
their period of service. For these purposes they ought to (should) be
treated as if they had continued their employment in private industry.
(5.) Improved and liberalized provisions for hospitalization, for
rehabilitation, for (and) medical care of disabled members of the armed
forces and the merchant marine.
finally (6.), sufficient pensions for disabled members of the armed
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