"This is a time for mutual confidence and help
and we can safely rely on the sense of fair play among all Americans to
assure every industry which now moves forward promptly in this united drive
against depression that its workers will be with it to a man."
Our Documents: The National Industrial Recovery Act
June 16, 1933
first one hundred days in office, Franklin Roosevelt's main focus was
jump-starting the economy and one of his most ambitious programs was the
National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA). Through the NIRA, the federal
government took a prominent role in cooperating with and managing business.
This was done through the creation of the National Recovery Administration
(NRA). The NRA established industrial codes to govern trade, prices, and
labor practices; 541 codes were approved by the time the NRA disbanded.
Another part of the NIRA was the creation of the Public Works
Administration (PWA), a public works program under the control and
regulation of the federal government. The federal government's regulation
of business was controversial and the NRA frequently faced opposition. On
May 27, 1935, the United States Supreme Court ruled in
Schecter v. United States
that the code system was an unconstitutional abuse of federal power.